The European Commission approved the 14th technical adaptation of the CLP Regulation. It includes the classification of titanium dioxide as a Category 2 inhalation carcinogen. The substance is carcinogenic when inhaled in powders with a concentration greater than 1% and a particle size of titanium dioxide ≤ 10 μm.
The substance will then require a warning label with H351 warning phrase and a health warning pictogram. For mixtures a phrase EUH211 or EUH212 will be required. If approved by the European Parliament and the Council of Ministers, the Regulation is expected to be published in early 2020 and will enter into force 18 months after its publication. The change will have a major impact on the industry, as titanium dioxide is used extensively in for example paints, colours, plastics, paper and coatings, including those used in consumer products.
The European Parliament and the Council will have two months to raise any objection to the publication of the Regulation. If the Regulation proceeds without objection, the amendments to Annex VI to CLP will enter into force within 18 months of the publication of the Regulation.
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